Differences in Nations Anthropology
Maanen and Schein (1977) thus connote social features to the concept of organizational culture since they perceive that the transfer of information and values is a social issue, and as such since these values and information is transferred, then organizational culture is of a social nature. Maanen and Schein (1977) argue that new members have to be taught about the traditions and the guidelines of the organization with an aim of averting the possibility of disruption of work, and this teaching and learning process is essentially referred to as the organizational socialization process. Organizational culture is thus perceived as a set of values, guidelines and other variations, which are passed on from one generation of workers to the next through a social process. However, while Maanen and Schein (1977) perceive the objective of the transference of these attitudes and values as a way to avoid embarrassment on the part of the new employees and as a way to reduce disruptions of work, a different perception of the nature of organizational culture is taken by the likes of Rose et al as discussed below.
Innovation is defined as an idea which is considered new, but it can further be described as comprising the process ad output of achieving technologically feasible solutions - or otherwise in organizations unrelated to technology, to a problem, which culminates in the satisfaction of a consumer need (Dasanayaka, 2009). Thus, innovation can be perceived as a problem-solving model (Dasanayaka, 2009). Dasanayaka (2009) explains that some theories linking innovation and organizational culture presuppose that successful companies poses the potential to absorb innovation into their organizational culture and management process, and as such organizational culture will be the guiding element of organizational innovation. Related theories argue that organizational culture affects the level at which creative solutions are encouraged within a firm, as well as the extent they are supported and implemented (Dasanayaka, 2009).
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